The United States Continuing Munition Supply Relationship With Guatemala

Gao ID: NSIAD-86-31 January 30, 1986

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent and legality of the government's continuing military supply relationship with Guatemala.

GAO noted that: (1) the United States cut off U.S. arms sales to Guatemala between fiscal years (FY) 1978 and 1984 because the State Department cited the country for human rights violations; (2) any significant increases in military sales or assistance are linked to additional improvements in human rights; and (3) from 1978 through 1984, Guatemala obtained military and dual-use equipment through U.S. companies' commercial sales. GAO found that: (1) the State Department controls arms sales by requiring licenses for the export of munition items; (2) approvals for licensed munition items peaked in FY 1979 at 62 percent, but dropped to a low in FY 1982; (3) all exported items controlled by the Department of Commerce are contained in the Commodity Control List, which identifies items for export control for mutual security reasons; and (4) Commerce approved applications for exports to the Guatemalan military totalling $55 million and $61 million to nonmilitary government agencies from January 1978 to February 1985. GAO also found that: (1) there was an illegal transfer of 10 U.S. M-41 tanks from Belgium to Guatemala in 1982; (2) there was no record of a request to transfer any M-41 tanks to Guatemala; (3) no foreign military sales (FMS) or military assistance program financing had been approved for Guatemala from FY 1976 through 1985; and (4) a $10 million FMS credit request for 1986 has been appropriated, but the appropriation restricts the types of assistance and is subject to the election of a civilian government and progress in human rights conditions.


Our recommendations from this work are listed below with a Contact for more information. Status will change from "In process" to "Open," "Closed - implemented," or "Closed - not implemented" based on our follow up work.

Director: Joseph E. Kelley Team: General Accounting Office: National Security and International Affairs Division Phone: (202) 275-4128

The Justia Government Accountability Office site republishes public reports retrieved from the U.S. GAO These reports should not be considered official, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Justia.